Green’s Dictionary of Slang

hop n.1

1. (also hopser) a dance.

[Ire]C. Shadwell Irish Hospitality I i: [I] have gone thro’ all the merry Conceits of it, from a Three-penny Hop, to the Theatre-Royal.
[UK]Delightful Adventures of Honest John Cole 19: In the Mornings we’re all Fortune-hunters, / Then spend half our Crop, / And go to the Hop, / And the Night we all spend with the Bunters.
[UK] ‘The Cullies Invitation’ Hop Garland 2: To the Hop we’ll go, / where we’ll Jig and Caper.
C. Dibdon Waterman in Coll. Farces & Entertainment VI (1788) 86: I intend to invite the whole party to a hop here.
[UK]Harris’s List of Covent-Garden Ladies 56: [She] dances well, and is fond of frequenting public hops.
[UK]Sporting Mag. May X 73/1: The most famous public Dancing Assembly, or as it is vulgarly called, the genteelest Hop that ever was known in London [etc.].
[UK]Sporting Mag. Oct. XXI 30/2: After opening the Ball at a hop in Bartholomew Fair, she went to Brighton.
[UK]Austen Sense and Sensibility (1970) 38: Last Christmas, at a little hop at the park, he danced from eight o’clock till four.
[UK]Egan Life in London (1869) 320: Jack, Moll, and Bet, well know the shop, / The cry, once more, ‘a hop! a hop!’.
[UK]Lytton Paul Clifford I 58: Being very much the gentleman so far as money was concerned, he gave them [i.e. women] plenty of ‘feeds,’ and from time to time a very agreeable hop.
[US]T. Haliburton Letter-bag of the Great Western (1873) 186: Lord, I thought I should have died a laughing once, in Paris, dancing one sunday afternoon with a Grisette in the Champs Elisees, where there was a splendid hop.
[UK]A. Smith Natural History of the Gent 53: He will launch off into all sorts of toe-and-heel tomfooleries [...] at Jullien’s and Vauxhall [...] and other ten-and-sixpenny demi-public hops.
[UK]F.E. Smedley Frank Fairlegh (1878) 131: You’ll be at old Coleman’s hop to-night I suppose.
[US]N.Y. Trib. 31 May 5/4: Another hop is looked forward to [...] the ball of the ‘bone-hunters,’ alias rag-pickers.
[US] ‘The Famous East Side of Town’ Rootle-Tum Songster 15: Like a good comic song or a story, / And a shindig or hop’s ‘hunky dory’ / On the jolly East side of the town.
[UK]J. Diprose London Life 29: There are the professional beggars, who [...] ‘trip it on the light fantastic toe,’ at ‘twopenny hops,’ or cheap dances.
[NZ]Observer and Freelance (Wellington) 29 Aug. 9/4: Too bad of Sam not to take Miss A. to the hop the other night.
[Aus]‘Rolf Boldrewood’ Robbery Under Arms (1922) 275: The young ladies ain’t on for a hop; are ye miss?
[US]A. Trumble Mott Street Poker Club 29: They [i.e. a collar and cuffs] were destined to adorn his person at a hop.
[UK]Kipling ‘Gentlemen-Rankers’ in Barrack-Room Ballads (1893) 204: To dance with blowzy housemaids at the regimental hops / And thrash the cad who says you waltz too well.
[US]Irving Jones ‘Possumala Dance’ [lyrics] Last night I went to a colored hop [...] and when the coons began to dance, You ought to seen dem wenches prance.
[Aus]Bulletin (Sydney) 28 Sept. 14/3: Was recently at [a bush hop] when the M.C. made himself scarce with his girl.
[UK]H. Castling [perf. Kate Carney] Our Threepenny Hop [lyrics] When you start a-dancing you never know when to stop. / It’s Hi! Hi! Go as you please, at our threepenny hop.
[UK]O.C. Malvery Soul Market 83: Once I went with her to a ‘penny ’op.’ This was a dance given in the back parlour of a small public-house.
[UK]J. Ware Passing Eng. of the Victorian Era 35/2: Blood Ball (London Tr.) The butchers’ annual hopser, a very lusty and fierce-eyed function.
[Aus]Bulletin (Sydney) 20 Aug. Red Page/1: Uz fur the nights, there’s allez whips o’ fun / In ’ops wif righto heifers ut yer wing.
[US]J. Lait ‘Ten Dollars’ Worth’ Beef, Iron and Wine (1917) 230: An occasional item about [...] who will lead the march at the co-eds’ campus hop.
[UK]Wodehouse Leave it to Psmith (1993) 577: Beastly shame you aren’t coming to the hop.
[US]Andy Kirk & His Twelve Clouds of Joy [instrumental title] Wednesday Night Hop.
[UK]G. Gibson Enemy Coast Ahead (1955) 24: I think I met her at the village hop.
[US]The Philharmonics ‘Teen Town Hop’ [lyrics] You know I got my hot-rod down the shop / Gotta meet my baby at the Teen Town hop.
[NZ]Peter Cape ‘Down the Hall on a Saturday Night’ [lyrics] I’m gonna climb onto me tractor, / Gonna belt ’er out of the gate, / ’Cause there’s a hop on down at the hall, and / She starts sharp somewhere ’bout half past 8.
[US]E. De Roo Big Rumble 92: It’s about time we got a hop.
[UK]M.K. Joseph Pound of Saffron 252: There’s a Queen’s Birthday hop down at the hall. What about coming along and dazzling the natives, eh?
[Ire]E. Mac Thomáis Janey Mack, Me Shirt is Black 22: The dance was the ‘hop’.
[Ire]H. Leonard Out After Dark 6: Going to a hop at the Arcadia.
[Ire]P. McCabe Breakfast on Pluto 125: You don’t mind her going to these hops every Thursday, Mrs?
[UK]A. Sillitoe Birthday 129: An old-fashioned tuppeny hop.

2. a dancing academy.

[UK]G.A. Sala Twice Round the Clock 280: At nine o’clock in the evening, commences the public academy — the ‘hop,’ as some persons, innocent of the bump of veneration, call it.

3. (US) an organized dance, held in a dancehall and frequented by lower class young people.

[US]Ade More Fables in Sl. (1960) 134: The Arrangements for the next Grand Hop by the Eucalytpus Pleasure Club.
[US]‘O. Henry’ ‘The Coming-Out of Maggie’ in Four Million (1915) 69: Every Saturday night the Clover Leaf Social Club gave a hop in the hall of the Give and Take Athletic Association on the East Side.
[US]I.L. Allen City in Sl. (1995) 67: In the slang of the day, these affairs were called rackets, blow outs, or hops.

In compounds

hop merchant (n.) [merchant n.]

1. a dancing master.

[[UK]London Jilt pt 1 6: [of an tightrope walker] He also desired of this Hop Merchant [...] that he would teach him to Vault a little] .
[UK]B.E. Dict. Canting Crew n.p.: Hop-merchant, a Dancing-master.
[UK]New Canting Dict. [as cit. c.1698].
[UK]Bailey Universal Etym. Eng. Dict. [as cit. c.1698].
[UK]B.M. Carew Life and Adventures.
[Ire]J. O’Keeffe Son-in-Law (1783) 17: Hop merchant [...] this letter must be for my neighbour Bowkitt the dancing-master.
[UK]Grose Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue.
[UK]G. Andrewes Dict. Sl. and Cant.
[UK]Lex. Balatronicum.
[UK]‘Jon Bee’ Dict. of the Turf, the Ring, the Chase, etc.
[UK]Flash Dict. in Sinks of London Laid Open.
[UK]Hotten Dict. of Modern Sl. etc. (2nd edn).
[UK]Hotten Sl. Dict.
[UK]Bath Chron. 16 Mar. 8/4: Roystering Collegians in by-gone days [...] when they shifted half the Oxford sign-boards in one night [...] placed the hop-merchant’s over the dancing matser’s door.
[UK]Ally Sloper’s Half Holiday 10 May15/1: What trade do dancing masters follow, unless it is that of hop merchants.

2. a fiddler.

[UK]Partridge DSUE (8th edn) 569/1: C.19–20.

In phrases

house hop (n.)

(orig. US black) a party at which the guests buy their refreshments to help pay the rent.

[US]I.L. Allen City in Sl. (1995) 75: Some Harlemites called these rent parties jumps, shouts, or struts. The frenetic dancing at rent parties was why they were also called house hops and jump joints.
[US](con. 1940s–60s) Décharné Straight from the Fridge Dad.

SE in slang uses

In phrases

from the hop

(N.Z.) from the start.

[NZ]R.M. Muir Word for Word 189: What I want out of Temple is a decent bloody bite, right from the hop.