Green’s Dictionary of Slang

moon-raker n.

[‘It is said that some men of that county, seeing the reflection of the moon in a pond, endeavoured to pull it out with a rake’ (Grose, 1796). However, the OED notes, ‘in Wiltshire a more complimentary turn is given to the story: the men were caught raking a pond for kegs of smuggled brandy, and put off the revenue men by pretending folly’]

1. [late 18C–19C] a native of Wiltshire.

2. [late 18C-19C] a smuggler.