Green’s Dictionary of Slang

burst v.1

1. [mid-19C] (US campus) to fail an examination.

2. [late 19C–1900s] to spend one’s money lavishly, to go out on a spree.

3. [mid-19C+] to beat up; usu. as a threat, e.g. I’ll burst him!

SE in slang uses

In phrases

burst a cheque (v.) (also bust a cheque)

[late 19C–1900s] (Aus.) to go on a spending spree.

burst in someone’s crust (v.)

see under crust n.1

burst one’s stay-lace (v.) [SE stay, the precursor of the corset]

[late 19C] to become over-excited or over-emotional.

In exclamations

burst him! (also burst her!)

[late 19C] an excl. of annoyance, confound him! the hell with her! etc.

burst me bagpipes!

[1990s+] (US black teen) an excl. of surprise, astonishment, annoyance etc.