Green’s Dictionary of Slang

dodge n.

[other than in date, it is hard to differ between the orig. 16C SE dodge, ‘a shifty trick, an artifice to elude or cheat’ (OED) and this sl. ‘a clever or adroit expedient or contrivance’ (OED)]
[mid-17C+]

1. a trick, a gimmick; a means of avoiding problems, esp. those encountered in work.

2. [mid–19C] (UK Und.) a thing.

3. a job, an occupation, a profession.

In derivatives

dodgery (n.)

[1900s] (Aus.) chicanery, trickery.

In phrases

come the dodge (v.)

1. [mid–late 19C] to carry out a fraudulent and/or illegal action.

2. [late 19C] to act in a given manner, without illegal overtones.

dodgement (n.)

[mid-19C] trickery, duplicity; in context of cite 1850, prostitution.

do the — dodge (over) (v.)

[1930s+] to take on a pose – e.g. a clergyman, an ex-soldier – for the purposes of fraud.

fake the dodge (v.)

[mid-19C] (UK Und.) to perform some form of confidence trick.

on the dodge [20C+]

hiding from or avoiding the authorities.

up to the dodge

[mid-19C–1910s] (US) aware, shrewd, knowledgeable.