Green’s Dictionary of Slang

cappadochio n.

[? the country of Cappadocia, the ruler of which, according to Horace (65–8bc), was rich in slaves but lacked cash. That ety., backed by Nares, Glossary (1822), is dismissed as ‘far-fetched’ by the OED]

the stocks; prison.

[UK]T. Heywood Edward IV (1874) I 72: My son’s in Dybell here, in Caperdochy, itha gaol.
[UK]Middleton Widdow of Watling-streete I iii: How, Captain Idle, my old aunt’s son, my dear kinsman, in cappadochio?