Green’s Dictionary of Slang

Abbott’s Priory n.

also Abbott’s Park
[Sir Charles Abbott (1762–1832), Lord Chief Justice (1818–32). The King’s Bench prison was generically the Lodge or the Priory, and its ‘given’ name varied according to the current Lord Chief Justice; thus before 1818 ‘Abbott’ had been ‘Ellenborough’, f. the previous office-holder]

[early–mid-19C] the King’s Bench prison; thus Abbott’s teeth, the spikes that topped the prison wall.