Green’s Dictionary of Slang

Campbell’s academy n.

[Campbell, the name of the first director of such prisons + academy n. (4)]

the hulks, or floating prisons, sited in ships moored in the Thames Estuary.

[UK]G.Parker View of Society II 11: He was [...] sentenced to improve as a pupil in Mr. Duncan Campbell’s Floating Academy for five years.
[UK]Grose Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue.
[UK]Lex. Balatronicum.
[UK]‘The Christening of Little Joey’ in Corinthian in Spedding & Watt (eds) Bawdy Songbooks (2011) IV 45: My man is hobbled upon the leg for three years on board Duncan Campbel[l]’s floating academy.