Green’s Dictionary of Slang

peter n.2

also petar, peetie
[? SE petard, upon which the loser is ‘hoist’]

(UK Und.) a variety of loaded dice, used for cheating.

[UK]J. Wilson Cheats IV i: [I] taught you the use of up-hills, down-hills, and petars* (*Note. Terms applicable to false or loaded dice, or to the knavish mode of handling them).
Altoona Trib/ (PA) 18 Aug. 10/1: He had been accused of ringing in ‘peeties’ — loaded dice.
[UK]Partridge DSUE (1984) 872/1: ca. 1660–1750.