1. [late 19C] the debtors’ ward in Newgate prison [those incarcerated begged by letting down a shoe from the window].
2. [20C+] (US Und.) a private detective [abbr. gumshoe n. (1)].
3. [1910s–30s] a tyre.
4. [1940s+] (Aus.) a sanitary towel.
5. [1950s+] (orig. US black) a smartly dressed person, by ext. one who is smart, sophisticated [orig. jazz use; the quality of the subject’s footwear].
6. [1960s] (US black) a black person.
SE in slang uses
[1940s] a prison cell.
[1930s+] (US) a shoe salesman.
[17C] to cuckold.
[20C+] (S.Afr. black) chicken intestines, as used in cooking.
[19C–1900s] creaking shoes or boots.
[late 17C–early 19C] tight shoes; thus in the shoemaker’s stocks, wearing tight shoes.
see under polish n.
(US Und.) a petty thief.
[1920s–50s] (US Und.) to jump bail.
[20C+] (US) to act in a purposeful manner.
[mid-17C–mid-19C] to be hanged.
[mid–late 19C] the feet.
[20C+] to become drunk.
[1970s+] (US black) to put blame where it does not belong.
[19C-1930s] to place blame where it duly belongs.
[1970s] to walk.
see ride the shoe leather express under ride v.
[mid-19C–1940s] a phr. meaning that is another matter.
see with one hand (tied behind one’s back) under hand n.1
[1960s] (US short order) of one’s food/drink purchase, takeaway.
[mid-19C] (UK Und.) a warning cry uttered by a thief to his confederate on sighting the police.