Green’s Dictionary of Slang

drive-by n.

[SE drive-by as adj. describing shootings carried out by people from their car]

1. (also ride-by) a shooting that is carried out by gunmen firing from a moving car.

[[US]J. Wambaugh Glitter Dome (1982) 45: Then there’s that Korean girl who got shot on the drive-by homicide].
[US]J.D. Vigil Barrio Gangs 133: Drive-bys, a more widespread gang habit in recent years, have become a common occurrence. Drive-bys usually are premeditated.
[US]K. Scott Monster (1994) 43: I did so many ride-bys, drive-ups, drive-throughs and chase-aways in her car.
[UK]Guardian G2 24 Nov. 2: ‘We don’t know whether it was a drive-by or a walk-up,’ said a police spokesman.
[US]W. Shaw Westsiders 98: Los Angeles has given the twentieth century many new words and phrases: one of them is ‘drive-by’.
[US](con. 1990s) in J. Miller One of the Guys 141: ‘For maybe a drive-by they might wanna have a bunch of dudes’.
in C. Gifford Gangs 31: I don’t really like to do drive-bys, because innocent people might get hit, you know? My homeboy shot a baby in the head. He felt bad about it [...] but he was like, ‘Thats what happens sometimes.’.
67 ‘Take It There’ [lyrics] Doing drive-bys, hitting no one, bruh that's a waste.
[US]D. Winslow The Force [ebook] Da Force is with you, not against you. Unless you’re slinging dope, assaulting people, raping women, doing drive-bys.

2. in attrib. use of sense 1.

[US]P. Beatty Sellout (2016) 22: Some drive-by homie, representing some color, clique [...] can stick his gauge out the passenger-side window of a two-tone coupe.

3. a slow drive past a given place; no violence is involved.

[UK]N. Barlay Curvy Lovebox 21: Left by them railings. Do a li’l drive-by.

4. surveillance from a moving car.

[US]R. Campbell Sweet La-La Land (1999) 184: They gave me two uniforms, one to a shift, two shifts. Also frequent drive-bys.