1. (US) a soft drink or weak alcoholic drink served and drunk alongside a stronger alcoholic drink, usu. as an order to the barman, e.g. Scotch with a beer back; thus back up, to order or serve such a drink; backed strong and weak drinks served in such a manner.
|Tap and Tavern 20 Sept. 13/4: What is called a ‘chaser’ or a ‘rinse’ or a ‘mix’ in many parts of the country is called a ‘back’ in at least some bars of Colorado.|
|Sins of Fathers 106: I had left my bitter coffee at the bar and now ordered bourbon with water back.|
|Stab in the Dark 115: The bartender's hand trembled slightly as he poured me a double shot of Early Times and backed it up with a glass of water.|
|Homeboy 9: Bocoo bourbon and beer backs.|
|Brotherhood of Corruption 229: ‘[G]imme another Absolut cranberry, and back it up with two shots of Jaeger, one for each of us’.|
|‘Not Even a Mouse’ in ThugLit Nov.-Dec. [ebook] ‘Couple shots a Beam — Buds back’.|
|Firing Offense 3: I was thirty years old, and had drunk several beers backed with bourbon the night before.|
|Nick’s Trip 1: [T]here are no neighborhood joints left [...] where a man can get lost and smoke cigarettes down to the filter and drink beer backed with whiskey.|
2. the anus; thus take it up the back, to perform anal intercourse.
|‘Salome’ in Mess Songs & Rhymes of the RAAF 25: Standing there with her arsehole bare / Waiting for some-one to slide in there / [...] / On Monday night, she takes it up the back.|
|Flame: a Life on the Game 81: We did the usual things that threesomes do. One in the mouth, one up the back, all that rubbish.|
3. (US) back-up.
|(con. 1982–6) Cocaine Kids (1990) 19: He told me to go to this spot with him. He said he needed some back [i.e. backup or help] and he didn’t have anybody.|
4. (US black) the posterior, the buttocks; thus baby’s got back, used to remark favourably on a woman’s posterior.
|Campus Sl. Oct. 1: back – fanny, posterior: ‘Kelly got back’.|
|Shame the Devil 42: You can keep your Caucasian junkies [...] I prefer women with a little back on ’em.|
|‘Bastards of Apathy’ in ThugLit Sept./Oct. [ebook] ‘Check out Miss Padilla. Baby got back’.|
5. (US black) a bodyguard.
(US black) to have anal intercourse.
|Runnin’ Down Some Lines 158: A sizable vocabulary is associated with [anal intercourse...] (to ask for/buy the ring, to take on some backs, to throw a buttonhole on someone).|
SE in slang uses
1. a hypocrite, an untrustworthy person.
|Official Dancehall Dict. 8: Back ‘n’ belly rat the gossiper who carries tales to and fro.|
2. a very thin person.
|Dict. Carib. Eng. Usage.|
(W.I.) a hypocrite.
|cited in Dict. Jam. Eng. (1980).|
(W.I., St Kitts) a very thin person.
|Dict. Carib. Eng. Usage.|
a body louse; a flea.
|Recreation for Ingenious Head-peeces (3rd edn) Epigram No.420: When Codrus catches fleas, what e’r he alles, He kills them with his teeth, not his nails; Saying, that man by man may blameless go, If every one would use Backbiters so.|
|Witts Recreations Epigram No.476: [as cit. 1645].|
|‘The Cavalcade’ in A. Carpenter Verse in Eng. in 18C Ireland (1998) 105: Taylors to creeping Louse Eternal Foe: / Nor Bosome-Friends, nor Backbiters they spare.|
|Polite Conversation 29: miss.: I beg Pardon for the Expression; but I’m afraid your Bosom Friends are become your Backbiters. nev.: Well, Miss, I saw a Flea once upon your Pinner; and a Louse is a Man’s Companion, but a Flea is a Dog’s Companion.|
|, ,||Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue.|
|Grose’s Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue n.p.: Your Bosom Friends are become your Backbiters.|
|Era 11 Mar. 10/4: A Regular Backbiter — A nightly flea.|
|Dublin Eve. Mail 21 Aug. 2/4: ‘What is the meaning of a “backbiter”,’ said a rev. gentleman [...] ‘Pr’haps it be a flea’.|
|Dly Chattanooga Rebel (Griffin, GA) 29 June 1/5: A dog of our our acquaintance [...] is always fighting the ‘battle of life’ with his backbiters, the fleas.|
|Lancaster Gaz. 30 Jan. 6/5: BAck-biter: A flea.|
|Dodge City Times (KS) 16 Aug. 2/2: The original backbiter was no doubt the flea.|
|News & Citizen (Morrisville, VT) 15 May 4/6: A Back-biter — a flea.|
|Hull Dly Mail 9 Mar. 2/5: Schoolboy Definitions:— Backbiter — a flea.|
(Scots. teen) a back pocket.
|Young Team 8: He always hus a fiver in his backburner.|
(US) a dive in which one lands flat on the water.
(UK Und.) a cloak.
|Dict. of Sl., Jargon and Cant I 60/1: old slang.|
|Sl. and Its Analogues.|
see back-door man under back-door n.
an informer, esp. in prison.
|Jailhouse Jargon and Street Sl. [unpub. ms.].|
(W.I.) a woman’s dress cut very low in the back.
|Bajan Woman (Bdos) Dec. n.p.: The minis, the back-outs, the chest-outs and so on.|
(US black) one who pesters, a nag.
|S.R.O. (1998) 207: ‘These Logan niggers is back-riders, they always got to be bugging you’.|
(US) the background, the inside story.
|Jr. ‘Sticktown Nocturne’ in Baltimore Sun (MD) 12 Aug. A-1/3: Then we had the ‘back room’ on the failure of her marriage [...] not one but two attempts to scrag herself.|
a sycophant, a toady.
|Daily News 9 Jan. 4/7: Does it not rather partake of the ethics of the back-scratcher and the log-roller?|
|Dly Jrnl (SaLem, OR) 15 Oct. 2/2: [He] ought to complete his record as an assistant Royalist back-scratcher by scratching one of his Populist electors and voting for Frank Paxton.|
|Coconino Sun (FLagstaff, AZ) 17 Mar. 3/2: The Sun, because it believes in its city [...] has been a consistent back-scratcher.|
|Dict. Amer. Sl. 4: back-scratcher. One who praises you for your praise of him, her or it.|
|Amer. Thes. Sl.|
|Simpsons [Fox-TV] Back-scratcher! Bootlicker!|
|posting at PHX (Phoenix, AZ) News.com 17 Apr. 🌐 Politician [...] apple polisher, back scratcher, backslapper, bootlick, bootlicker, brownie, brownnoser, crawler [etc.].|
a bustle on a dress.
|Dict. of Sl., Jargon and Cant.|
|Sl. and Its Analogues.|
|sermon xli in Works V 1808: 564: Was there ever more riot and excess in diet and clothes, in belly-cheer and back-timber, than we see at this day?|
(US Und.) time spent in prison awaiting sentencing.
|Pittsburgh Legal Journal 149: In this case, the prison authorities applied the county jail credit to the back-time arising from the petitioner’s old sentence.|
|Wash. County Reports 13: [...] whether the petitioner’s ‘back time’ was correctly computed.|
|Prison Sl. 17: Back Time also Jail Time Time spent in jail while awaiting trial and sentencing.|
(Aus.) the heels.
|Adventures of the Honey Badger [ebook] [He] had me hold his back wheels (heels) as he lunged over the boat to collect the torch.|
(Irish/Scot.) a phr. implying contempt and rejection.
|Sermons I 146: Be so glad to part with them, that you will hardly shake hands with them; but rather say, the back of my hand to you [...] it is well for me, that now I am quit of you forever.|
|Ety. Dict. Scot. Lang. I 39/2: The back of my hand to you, I will have nothing to do with you; spoken to one whose conduct or opinions are disagreeable to us.|
|Dublin U. Mag. May 606/2: O! Brien, is that talk for you that’s the borry of all Westmeath? There’s the back of my hand to you, and I’m ashamed of you for evermore.|
|Little Pilgrim (Phila., PA) Dec. 94/1: He [...] barked a short, sharp bark — as much as to say — ‘The back of my hand to you!’.|
|Birmingham Jrnl 12 Jan. 11/6: Long life to his Majesty, and the back of my hand and the sole of my foot to the blackguard gaugers who paid for hers.|
|Dubliners (1956) 159: ‘O, you! The back of my hand to you!’ said Mrs Kernan tartly.‘Grace’|
|(con. 1890s) Pictures in the Hallway 266: Mailmurra bawling afther him, Bah! back o’ me hand to you, bowsey!|
|Children of the Rainbow 92: He leaped heavily into the low fields and tore away. ‘The back o’ me hand to ye!’ he shouted.|
|Venetian Blonde (2006) 218: The back of my hand to you, Porter.|
|‘Let the Sayings of Ireland be your guide!’ at www.ncf.carleton.ca 🌐 The back of my hand and the sole of my foot to you.|
|DSUE (1984).Epistles of Atkins in|
(Irish) a distasteful person.
|(con. 1940s) Confessions 82: So far as the Irish bourgeoisie was concerned [...] I was the back of the neck.|
(US black) affectionate, friendly, intimate.
|Runnin’ Down Some Lines 228: back-to-back 1. Together. 2. Side-by-side.|
(US black) to the greatest possible extent, comprehensively, fully; of a person, the epitome.
|the Pimp!‘Pimp in a Clothing Store’ in Milner & Milner (1972) 288: Yes sir, he drove off in his II high-sidin’, see, he got to leanin’ over on the side, you know, like he was goin’ to lay down, one hand up on the steering wheel, music playing side to side on his car, you understand me [...] Oh, he’s back to back, and that’s|
two consecutive acts of sexual intercourse.
|(con. 1973) Johnny Porno 315: ‘Gave him a back-to-backer.’ ‘One after another?’ ‘Without coming up for air.’.|
1. (N.Z. prison) to look out for a friend.
|Boobslang [U. Canterbury D.Phil. thesis] 10/2: be or go back to back 1 to look out for one’s friend.|
2. (N.Z. prison) to fight.
|Boobslang [U. Canterbury D.Phil. thesis] 10/2: be or go back to back 2 to fight.|
see climb someone’s frame under frame n.1
see dust someone’s jacket under dust v.1
to stop annoying someone, to stop nagging at or otherwise irritating someone; usu. as imper.
|Rusty Bugles II iii: Why don’t you get off our back for once and pull your big woolly head in.|
|On the Waterfront (1964) 82: Get off my back, sister.|
|Hiparama of the Classics 10: Don’t bug me lad, Get off my back.|
|Gonif 25: Get off my back, you goddam s.o.b.|
|Only Fools and Horses [TV script] Oh get off my back.‘Healthy Competition’|
|Wizard of La-La Land (1999) 100: How he would have liked to get these bastards off his back before they started in on him.|
|Scholar 121: Get it sorted and I’ll be off your back, trus’ me.|
|Black Tide (2012) [ebook] ‘He knows how the Armits fit. He’ll settle them, take the push off’ [...] ‘Bren got the fucking vaguest what it costs to get the Armits off my back?’.|
|Observer Rev. 9 Jan. 11: Get off my fucking back, Joyce.|
to become annoyed.
|Dict. Canting Crew n.p.: His Back’s up he is in a fume, or angry.|
|Provoked Husband V iii: O Lud! how her Back will be up then.|
|, , ,||Universal Etym. Eng. Dict. n.p.: His Backs up, a taunting Expression.|
|Humphrey Clinker (1925) II 140: My uncle’s back was up in a moment.|
|, ,||Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue n.p.: Back up, his back is up, i.e. he is offended or angry; an expression or idea taken from a cat, that animal, when angry, always raising its back; an allusion also sometimes used to jeer a crooked man, as, so Sir, I see somebody has offended you, for your back is up.|
|Newcomes I 159: I know she is flighty, and that; and Brian’s back is up a little.|
|Illus. Times 23 July 10/3: Once he gets his back up you may stroke him down for ever and not pacify him.|
|N.-Y. After Dark 37: Look here, girl, don’t you get up your back against me – I ain’t a country squash to stand any of your slack!|
|Dly Phoenix (Columbia, SC) 11 JUly 3/6: Joe is said to have his ‘back up’ in terrible earnest.|
|Surrey Mirror 23 Sept. 7/1: Mr Gladstone had ‘set his back up’ and was determined to carry the original rules.|
|Bulletin (Sydney) 7 Feb. 4/3: When we see racy, grammatical, all-rounded sentences, combined with spelling that John Davies or a one-armed Kanaka would repudiate, we get our backs up.|
|Seth’s Brother’s Wife 1: Ole Sabriny’s got her back up this time to stay.|
|‘’Arry on [...] the Glorious Twelfth’ in Punch 30 Aug. 97/2: Yet this ’Arrison he sets his back up. Dry smug as can’t ’andle a gun.|
|Western Times 6 June 3/3: He should not get his back up if the ratepayers commanded him to cary out their wishes.|
|Derbyshire Times 13 Feb. 2/7: One way or another, he will get his own way when he gets his back up — to use an expressive vulgarism.|
|Boy’s Own Paper 16 Feb. 313: I’m a dogged sort of Johnny when I do get my back up.|
|Eve. Star (DC) 27 Oct. 39/1: If we made a mistake and the old man found out he’d get his back up worse than ever.|
|Magnet 7 Mar. 3: Oh, don’t get your back up against Quelch!|
|Sporting Times 1 Jan. 10/3: If he said anything good of the English his Irish and Scotch listeners would get their backs up.|
|Bryan Dly Eagle (TX) 9 Jan. 2/1: Some fellow yells and wants to get his back up because he imagines we were shooting at him.|
|Cockney At Home 66: Her back was up in a tick.|
|(con. 1916) Her Privates We 173: If the sergeant-major has got his back up with me, I dare say I can stick it.|
|Western Gaz. 15 July 2/6: The only way to get an Englishman out of the old rut is to get his back up.|
|We Who Are About to Die 187: When I tell him that he gets his back up.|
|AS XIV:4 262: One who is irritable or angry ‘got up on the wrong side of the bed,’ ‘got out of bed hindside before,’ ‘has his back up about something,’ ‘had been rubbed up the wrong way,’ ‘has a hard nose,’ is ‘mad as a wet hen,’ ‘mad as a hornet,’ ‘mad as fire,’ or ‘mad as Tucker’.‘Folk “Sayings” From Indiana’ in|
|McSorley’s Wonderful Saloon (2001) 16: He got his back up and told them that he not only doesn’t like the taste of ale, he doesn’t like the smell of it.|
|Lancs Eve. Post 19 Apr. 2/3: That made Smut so mad that he put his back up.|
|Walk on the Wild Side 9: The only fun Fitz had left was getting his back up.|
|Fowlers End (2001) 282: Forgive my having beaten you just now. I didn’t really mean it, only my back was up.|
|Hang On a Minute, Mate (1963) 18: Don’t get your back up, mate.|
|Ruricius of Limoges 30: When he got his back up, he could be quite sharp with even the most distinguished Gallic ecclesiastics.|
|No Lights, No Sirens 227: [H]is back was way up and he was ready to fight.|
1. (UK Und.) to work as a prostitute; thus on one’s back, working as a prostitute.
|This Gutter Life 83: He’s the dirtiest bastard of a case-keeper in London! [...] He gets girls away, sends white girls out to work on their backs among the bloody niggers. [Ibid.] 127: Haven’t I got to get on my back to earn two pounds for the bastards.|
|‘Hotel Sl.’ AS XIV:3 Oct. 240/1: on the back Working as a prostitute.|
2. of a woman, to have sexual intercourse.
|Union Street 203: I don’t get on me back for just anybody, you know.|
to annoy, to harass; to tell off, to scold.
|Cop This Lot 16: When they start gettin’ on yer back ut’s time ter dong ’em or shoot through ter the pub.|
|Blue Movie (1974) 189: Now that cocksucker will be on our backs!|
|Great Santini (1977) 153: Why do I get hit when some jerk colonel gets on Dad’s back?|
|Miseducation of Ross O’Carroll-Kelly (2004) 191: The old pair were starting to get on my back about doing something with my life.|
1. (also put someone’s back up, set...) to annoy, to irritate, to infuriate.
|Burlesque Homer 45: And when you’ve fairly got his back up, / You’re always forc’d your duds to pack up.|
|Annals Quiet Neighbourhood xxx: He goes his own way... if you put his back up [F&H].|
|Odd People in Odd Places 2: Don’t say it to me. It sets my back up, and when my back’s set up I’m sometimes orkard.|
|Loneliness of the Long-Distance Runner (1960) 14: No, it doesn’t get my back up, because it’s always been up, right from when I was born.‘Loneliness of the Long-Distance Runner’ in|
|Goodbye to The Hill (1966) 64: I made myself promise not to let Cahill get my back up any more.|
|I’m a Jack, All Right 47: I can stand anything but a nasty drunk [...] A man who gets a skinful of piss and then wants to take on the world, gets my back up.|
|Big Huey 119: Another thing which got some of our backs up was the way the superintendent used to smile and wave at the work parties whenever he drove past.|
|Fifty-Five Years in the Alaskan Bush 4: He didn’t mind us shooting crows, but shooting from the back of the pickup while barreling down the road kind of got his back up.|
2. to engender bravery, e.g. by a drink of alcohol.
|🌐 It is quite true that before an attack a bigger issue of Rum is allowed each man to get his back up.diary 5 Nov.|
|letter 12 June in Leader (2000) 261: It has been getting up my back fast.|
|Goodbye to The Hill (1966) 128: You’re getting up on my back now.|
to suffer a judicial flogging.
|Thieves Slang ms list from District Police Training Centre, Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Warwicks 5: Have your back scratched: To be flogged.|
|Und. Nights 159: As for having my back scratched, I like it. It tickles. This, of course, was a reference to the cat.|
to take care of, to look after; thus phr. got your back, an expression of support.
|What’s The Good Word? 83: ‘I got your back’ (i.e. ‘I’ll be there with the second;’ in other words ‘I’ll help you fight.’).|
|Scorpions 43: ‘I got your back and everything be cool’.|
|🎵 My mothafuckin homie Doggy Dogg has my back.‘Nuthin But a G Thang’|
|Sl. and Sociability 101: Expressions of reassurance or support tend to be spatial: gotcha back [...] I’m there, we here.|
|(con. 1990s) in One of the Guys 75: ‘[We expect members] to be true to our gang and to have our backs’.|
|Dirty South 102: I sensed that Noel had moved in close behind me. He had my back.|
|Running the Books 109: ‘You tell that motherfucka!’ ‘We got your back, bro!’.|
|? (Pronounced Que) [ebook] You won’t have to worry no more, Nikki, I got you.|
|Crongton Knights 37: You either have my back or you don’t.|
|August Snow [ebook] ‘Whatever it is, I got your back. Solid on your six’.|
|Good Girl Stripped Bare 281: We women have each other’s backs.|
|🌐 [A]ll the lads will stick by him when a fight comes ’round, and the people too will have his back.Boyo-wulf at https://boyowulf.home.blog 24 Mar.|
to express a desire to indulge in a sexual act with a member of the opposite sex, e.g. I’d knock the back out of that!
|Lowlife (2001) 43: I’ll knock the back out of you, Susie.|
see under hump n.1
see get one’s back up
|Bolivar Bull. (TN) 15 Apr. 1/3: The Slang of Our Day [...] When financial troubles come nigh you, they say, ‘Oh, he’s flat on his back’.|
|Sydney Morn. Herald 11 jan. 3/5: [A] third [contributor to a US feminist paper] coaches the sex in the latest forms of slang, impressing upon the feminine mind that the newest name for money is ‘spondulix,’ that ‘fusil oil’ stands for whisky, ‘going through you’ for robbery, ‘he’s upon his back’ for bankruptcy.|
|Man of Straw 5: I reckon old Ike’s about on his back.|
|Hebrew Yarns and Dialect Humor 81/2: When financial troubles come to you, / They say, ‘Oh, he’s up on his back.’.|
|Spanish Blood (1946) 57: ‘Well, I might as well finish out the night,’ he said. ‘On my back.’.‘The King in Yellow’ in|
causing problems for someone, being irritating; thus antonym off someone’s back.
|Ireland 118: It was a great blessing to have one priest for a guide, but rather too much to have another one [...] on their backs .|
|Gloss. Dialect of Cumberland 4: ‘I’m never off his back,’ i.e. I’m always watching and correcting him .|
|Connecticut Yankee 100: I should have had the Established Roman Catholic Church on my back in a minute.|
|Aus. Lang. 157: They’re on your back, they (usually officers) are overworking you, demanding too much.|
|Sel. Letters (1992) 216: I hope you haven’t got a couple of first-class scroungers on your back.letter 1 Nov. in Thwaite|
|Cop This Lot 159: Yer gotta keep on their backs.|
|Bug Jack Barron 28: I need Bennie Howards on my back like an extra anus.|
|Cutter and Bone (2001) 42: I’m not on your back, am I, Rich?|
|Wiseguy (2001) 73: I didn’t want my mother to be right. She had been on my back since we eloped.|
|Kill Shot [ebook] ‘They’re not on my back twenty-four seven’.|
see get someone’s back up
see get one’s back up
see get someone’s back up
see watch someone’s back under watch v.
referring to a third party.
|Oddities of London Life 12: Prisoner—I don't vant to split, your vorship, [...] but if I did—it would be ‘all up your back,’ Bill.|
(US) a general excl.; there is no actual back pain.
|AS XXI:4 Dec. 242: Oh my aching back (often contracted to Oh my back, or simply My back). This is used in a variety of situations; e.g., upon the receipt of bad news, especially if such news entails labor for the speaker; to express general discontent, tempered by resignation; to express sardonic amusement at a gaffe or piece of naivete.‘American Army Speech’ in|
|Naked and Dead 289: My aching back, he’s got a whole boxful of them [i.e. medals].|
|Run For Home (1959) 115: Warndahl snorted in the darkness. ‘Cigarettes my achin’ ass!’.|
|Paco’s Story (1987) 201: Oh my aching back, Virginia, save the act for the movies.|
a general excl. of disdain, dismissal, arrogant contempt.
|(con. 1944) Gallery (1948) 8: O my back! he said excitedly.|