Green’s Dictionary of Slang

run v.

1. vtr. to have sexual intercourse, esp. to deflower.

[UK]Memoirs of [...] Jane D****s 74: How often, said the colonel, have you sold this girl’s maidenhead. As G—d’s my judge, answered Jenny, she has has never yet been broke [...] but whether she was ever run down in the country I cannot say.

2. to understand, to comprehend; to work out someone's actions.

[UK]Manchester Courier 29 June 2/3: ‘I must run him,’ said the officer, ‘he’s down upon someone’.
[UK]Hotten Dict. of Modern Sl. etc.
[UK]Sl. Dict.
[US] in T.I. Rubin Sweet Daddy 106: You got to know how they handle themselves [...] Some guys you can always run.

3. (Aus./US, also run over) to harass verbally, to tease; thus running n., teasing, scolding.

[UK]P. Hone Diary (1889) I 134: This is a club [...] where they sup, drink champagne and whiskey punch, talk as well as they know how, and run each other good-humouredly.
[US]L. Oliphant Minnesota and the Far West 278: His companions chew the cud – of tobacco – in silence, and regard me [...] as one who has been ‘chawed up some’, and considerably ‘run over’ by the colonel.
[US]J.G. Holland Miss Gilbert’s Career (1870) 239: Now what’s the use of running a feller?
[US]L.H. Bagg Four Years at Yale 47: Run, [...] to chaff, make sport of.
[US]Louisiana Capitolian (Baton Rouge, LA) 22 Mar. 1/4: Sarah Jane liked him, and would flare up quick if any one ran on Sam.
[Aus]H. Lawson ‘Story of Malachi’ in Roderick (1972) 11: We ‘ran’ Malachi to believe that the bricklayer was mad on the subject of phrenology.
J. Corbin An American at Oxford 16: The freshman breakfast is nothing in the world but a variation of the ‘running’ that is given newcomers in those American colleges where fraternity life is strong .
[US]N. Anderson Hobo 77: He went to Detroit because the fellows where he worked in Minneapolis used ‘to run him.’ [...] He is the type of person that invites teasing.

4. (Aus.) to cover the expenses of [SE run to, to cover, to extend sufficiently, usu. of money].

[Aus]Bulletin (Sydney) 20 July 3/2: He was rabbiting, he told me, and the job would ‘run a mate;’ / In fact, he felt inclined to take me in.
[UK]S. Scott Human Side of Crook and Convict Life 16: He had got in with an Australian mob, which had run him for the sake of his name to help ‘pluck’ people with social ambitions.

5. in senses of association.

(a) to go out with someone, usu. a boyfriend or girlfriend, on a regular basis.

[US]J. London Valley of the Moon (1914) 63: He’s forced himself upon me all the time [...] He’s tried to run me, and beaten up every man that came near me.
[US]H. Simmons Corner Boy 74: Kenny’s getting just like her since they started running together.
[US]R. Price Ladies’ Man (1985) 70: We’d been running together for three months.
[UK]Partridge DSUE (8th edn) 1000/1: from ca. 1910.
[US]N. McCall Makes Me Wanna Holler (1995) 110: I stopped running women and focussed solely on Liz.

(b) of a partner, usu. a man, to dominate and control the other partner’s life.

[US]J. Lait ‘If a Party Meet a Party’ in Beef, Iron and Wine (1917) 97: Do I have to let a lop-eared chicken-chaser like this run me all over town and get away with it?
[US]T. Jones Pugilist at Rest 102: Leave the nasty bitch. I can’t work up any sympathy for you, she’s runnin’ you, man.
[US]Dr Dre ‘Fuck You’ [lyrics] I know your man’s looking for you / He’s always trying to run you.

(c) to go around together, to play together.

[US]E. Folb Runnin’ Down Some Lines 252: run Associate with.
[US]C. White Life and Times of Little Richard 21: Me and my cousin, Bertha May, we used to run together.

6. in drug uses.

(a) to sell drugs; thus running n.

[US]E.H. Lavine Third Degree (1931) 33: He runs booze and dope as a side issue.
[UK]P. Cheyney Dames Don’t Care (1960) 13: The guy over in the corner with the fancy moustache is runnin’ nose candy.
[US]‘Hal Ellson’ Duke 19: After running for Juan I went home. [Ibid.] 124: It’s the other thing, running charge.
[US]T. Williams Crackhouse 70: The whole drug business is a macho thing, but not for me because I ran customers when I was working at the spot. [...] A lot of these little girls feel strange taking customers, but I don’t.
[WI]M. Montague Dread Culture 72: ‘Rahtid,’ said Johnny, ‘Chuckie, yuh wallet fat, eh?’ ‘Yeah, man. Mi deh pon some big runnings [...] Some big business.’.
[UK]Fallacy ‘Scrunch’ [lyrics] You’re sling the rocks or run sticks.

(b) to be a habitual drug user; to inject narcotics.

[US]E.E. Landy Underground Dict. (1972).
[US]J. Stahl Permanent Midnight 152: So, you ever run Dilaudids before?

(c) to work as a drug dealer’s assistant; thus running n.

[US]A. Rodriguez Spidertown (1994) 65: He ran around with Kenneth, a huge black runner [...] After a few weeks, Spider asked him, ‘So, you like runnin’?’.
[US]G. Pelecanos Shame the Devil 126: He had a couple of younguns runnin’ for him, that’s all.

(d) to steal drugs.

[US]A. Mansbach ‘Crown Heist’ in Brooklyn Noir 124: Put a fuckin’ Glock 9 to my head [...] Ran me for all my herb.

7. (US Und.) to use stolen credit cards; to pass any form of false document, e.g. a traveller’s cheque [one ‘runs up’ debts or ‘runs’ the card ‘by’ the victim].

[US]S. Morgan Homeboy 70: She’s out running credit cards.
[US](con. 1975–6) E. Little Steel Toes 87: He was goin’ on about how they was [...] runnin’ traveler’s checks, shit I never heard of.

8. (US black) to play basketball.

[US]P. Beatty White Boy Shuffle 94: ‘You wanna run?’ [...] I had a rep before I ever played a game.

9. see run in v. (1)

In phrases

get run (v.)

(US black) to have sexual intercourse.

[US]N.Y. Mag. 28 May 27/1: [black high school slang] ‘Getting run’ — sex.
run sets on (v.) (also roll sets on)

(UK black) to hit with combination punches.

[US]E. Folb Urban Black Argot 144: Run / Roll Sets on Someone to hit a person with a series of double-fisted blows so quickly that he is unable to retaliate.
run to it (v.)

(UK black) to intensify a situation.

[UK]Skepta ‘Crime Riddim’ [lyrics] And still tryna run it up, it’s like this guy really wants to scuff / Flexing like he had something on the waist.
run the jewels (v.)

(US black) to give up one’s possessions to a robber.

[US]Ice Cube ‘Product’ [lyrics] Gimme your car, run your jewels.
Funkmaster Flex ‘Ante Up’ [lyrics] When I cock that tool, nigga, run your damn jewels.
Run the Jewels ‘Run the Jewels’ [lyrics] When we say “run the jewels” just run’ em baby, please don’t delay me.

SE in slang uses

In phrases

run... (v.)

see also under relevant n. or adj.

run a banker (v.) [SE banker, a river with its water level with or over-running its banks]

(Aus.) to be intense, usu. of emotions or feelings.

[Aus]Examiner (Launceston, Aus.) 11 Oct. 6/3: Feeling is running a banker at Devonport in reference to the coming election.
[Aus]Truth (Sydney) 30 Oct. 1/8: For their lingual rivers often run a banker, / Run a banker, / And the oaths they uses sometimes weighs a ton, / Weighs a ton.
[UK] in R. Farmer Shanghai Harvest in DSUE (1984).
run a boat (v.) [the multi-person crew required to sail a boat]

(W.I.) to pool resources to buy a meal.

[WI]Francis-Jackson Official Dancehall Dict. 45: Run a boat the act of pooling resources to afford and prepare a meal; cooking: u. we a go run a boat.
run a hooligan on (v.)

(US) to play tricks on, to defraud.

[US]D. Hammett ‘Tom, Dick, or Harry’ in Nightmare Town (2001) 245: I’d like to smoke it out a little further, far enough to put anybody away who has been trying to run a hooligan on the North American.
run a millstone (v.)

(gaming) for a thrown die to roll some distance.

[UK]C. Cotton Compleat Gamester 14: Another way the rook hath to cheat, is by [...] Slurring, that is by taking up your Dice as you will have them advantageously lie in your hand, placing the one a top the other, not caring if the uppermost run a Mill-stone.
run around (v.) (orig. US)

1. to have a relationship or a friendship.

[US]Lantern (N.O.) 9 July 2: She used to run around with Jim Reiley.
[US]Day Book (Chicago) 3 Mar. 3/2: They want their evenings free to run around with young fellows.
[UK]P. Marks Plastic Age 169–70: I suppose Einstein is a good fellow and all that, but you ’ve been running around with him a lot.
[US]E. Anderson Hungry Men 99: He’s just a boy I ran around with some.
[US](con. 1920s) ‘Harry Grey’ Hoods (1953) 53: I ran around with all sorts of women.
[US]J. Maryland ‘Shoe-shine on 63rd’ in Kochman Rappin’ and Stylin’ Out 212: Who said anything about Sweet Blood [...] running around here with Ann?

2. to carry on sexual affairs, deceiving one’s primary partner.

[US]R. Lardner ‘Ex Parte’ in Coll. Short Stories (1941) 211: He drinks all the time, or he runs around, or he doesn’t give her any money.
[UK]P. Cheyney Don’t Get Me Wrong (1956) 106: She thought the fact that she was runnin’ around with him would stop her husband startin’ a lotta trouble an’ goin’ after her.
[US]Jimmy Rogers ‘Ludella’ [lyrics] Now Ludella you done start some side stuff baby / You’re runnin’ around on me.
[US]H. Whittington Web of Murder (2000) 4: Maybe you’d like it better if I ran around. I could, you know. Plenty of men are interested in me.
[US]C.B. Hopper Sex in Prison 108: She related that her husband had been ‘running around’ before his commitment.
[US]R. Campbell In La-La Land We Trust (1999) 54: He’s got a hernia, five brats, and a wife he can’t stomach what runs around on him every chance she gets.
run around like a cut cat (v.) [SE cut, castrated]

(Aus.) to be very angry; thus comparative meaner than a cut cat.

[US]I. Rosser ‘Cattle Stories No. 1’ [Internet] Now, this bloke (the bull) had the biggest set of horns you ever did see in your life! He was a crowd favourite at rodeos as he was meaner than a cut cat.
P.R. Wilkinson Thes. Trad. Eng. Metaphors 364: run around like a cut cat [Aus] Be and behave in a temper.
run a saw on (v.) [obs. SE saw, a tale]

(US/Aus.) to deceive, to hoax.

[US]D. Corcoran Pickings from N.O. Picayune (1847) 76: In New Orleans playing off a joke is called running a saw.
[US]W.H. Thomes Bushrangers 122: ‘I never joke on such serious matters.’ [...] ‘Excuse me, Jack; I know you don’t. I thought that you were running a saw on me.’.
run a temperature (v.) [i.e. one is hot adj. (5c)]

(US) to be wanted, usu. by the police.

[US]S. Morgan Homeboy 45: In case you dont know it, you runnin a high temperature.
run down (v.)

see separate entry.

run goods (n.)

see separate entry.

run in (v.)

see separate entry.

run it out (v.)

(US campus) to behave in a socially unacceptable manner, esp. when acting ‘above one’s station’ as stated by the larger group.

[US]F.S. Fitzgerald This Side of Paradise in Bodley Head Scott Fitzgerald III (1960) 52: Talking of clubs was running it out; standing for anything very strong, as, for instance, drinking parties or teetotalling, was running it out; in short, being personally conspicuous was not tolerated.
run it up the flagpole (and see if anyone salutes) (v.) (also run it up the mast and see if anybody salutes, run something up the flagpole...)

(US) to test a reaction to a new idea or concept; usu. as let’s run it up...; many ad hoc vars. occur as exemplified by cit. 1954.

[US]N.Y. Herald Trib. 1 Mar. 15/1: One ad man, sniffing away at a program idea, turned to his colleagues and remarked: ‘Let’s drop this down the well and see how big a splash it makes.’ [Ibid.] 2 Apr. 21/1: Take this one, for example, which is a very real example of Madison Ave.: ‘Let’s roll some rocks and see what crawls out.’ Obviously the boys are not expecting much. In the old days, they used to ‘mother hen’ an idea, or they’d say ‘let’s incubate this and see what hatches’, and this, with its intimations of maternity, was kind of sweet and touching. [Ibid.] 14 June 17/1: And if you’re seeking new ways to say ‘I like it but let’s, for God’s sake, go slowly’ [...] here are a couple that should get you through the morning. ‘Let’s smear it on the cat and see if she licks it off.’ Or: ‘Let’s send it on a local and see if it comes back express.’.
[US]M. Shulman Rally Round the Flag, Boys! (1959) 150: Run it up the mast, and let’s see if anybody salutes.
[US]Mad mag. Jan.–Feb. 17: The minute we received your article we put it on the 5.25 to westport to see whether it would get off. It didn’t. Then we picked up the ball and rolled it down the alley to see how many pins would fall. Not enough.
[UK]Galton & Simpson Best of Steptoe and Son 4: ‘OK, man,’ we said, ‘let’s run it up the flagpole and see who salutes it.’ (Just to show that we were just as au courant trans-Atlantic-wise as he was).
[UK]J.J. Connolly Layer Cake 151: The hubbub of talking business and gossip, doing deals, running shit up flagpoles.
[US]Simon & Zorzi ‘Unconfirmed Reports’ Wire ser. 5 ep. 2 [TV script] I’ll run it up the flagpole.
run like a hairy goat (v.) (also go like a hairy goat, run like a hairy dog)(Aus./N.Z.)

1. of a racehorse, to run very badly; occas. to run fast.

[Aus]Sydney Sportsman (Surry Hills, NSW) 7 Oct. 1/7: John Porter is a bit of a puzzle to punters: one day he runs like a hairy dog, and the next day like a greyhound.
[Aus]Sydney Sportsman (Surry Hills, NSW) 9 July 6/1: He would show you a gallop on the track on the morning of a race that would justify any one putting his last trouser button on and would then run like a hairy Wilhelm goat.
[Aus]Sun (Sydney) 30 Dec. 8/1: ‘Ain’t ’e a beaut?’ ‘Yah! Yer ain't got an earthly, Dago!’ chaffed the Imp, good-humoredly, ‘’E runs like a hairy goat’.
[Aus]Westralian Worker (Perth) 21 Oct. 9/3: Later on [...] he saw Nico (another imported thing) running like a hairy dog at the tail of the field in the Goodwood Handicap !
[Aus]Truth (Sydney) 19 Jan. 3/5: Clark [...] put the best part of a thousand on the imported horse, only to see him run like a hairy goat.
[Aus]Sydney Sportsman (Surry Hills, NSW) 11 Nov. 4/4: Irish Eyes had run like a hairy dog at her two previous starts and punters were beginning to think that she wasn't worth a ‘caser’.
[Aus]Truth (Brisbane) 14 Jan. 4/3: She went, like a hairy goat, and those who had backed her were prepared to tear up their tickets before the field had covered a couple of furlongs.
[Aus]Baker Popular Dict. Aus. Sl.
[Aus]Morn. Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld) 1 Oct. 8/3: She’d have landed the daily double sure enough if the thing she chose for the first leg hadn’t run like a hairy goat.
[Aus]Cusack & James Come in Spinner (1960) 40: The last one you gave me [as a racing tip] ran like a hairy goat.
[NZ]G. Slatter Gun in My Hand 23: An it ran like a hairy goat an I did me chips.
[Aus]S. Gore Holy Smoke 83: As if they was watching the Cup favourite run like a hairy goat.
[US]J. Hepworth His Book 113: When the barrier flew up Warrego Willie went like a hairy goat – never even looked like running a drum [GAW4].
[[Aus]W. Ammon et al. Working Lives 89: That thing! That hairy goat beat my beautiful little pony? Never].
[Aus]C. Bowles G’DAY 76: Davo has a dead cert for the trots. It runs like a hairy goat so they go down the rubbedy for a quick one to drown their sorrows.
posting at Ausrace Mailing List 8 Jan. [Internet] That’s what racing is all about, working out a ‘moral’ only to see it run like a hairy goat and then win next start at 8/1 when you’ve already scrubbed it.
Racing Post (UK) [Internet] Mann said: ‘He’s the best work horse we’ve ever had in the yard, but he wins when he wants to and on other occasions can run like a hairy goat.’.

2. of a motor vehicle, to run badly.

[NZ]McGill Reed Dict. of N.Z. Sl. 96: hairy dog/goat, run like a Poorly performing ANZ racehorse or motorcar. Mid C20.
run mouth (n.)

see separate entry.

run off (v.)

1. (US) to talk excessively, to talk rubbish [SE run off, of water, to flow away].

[UK]Temple Bar III 552: Then my lady ran off to tell us how dull Fernwood was .
[UK]Philips & Wills Fatal Phryne II ii 33: And then the sick man ran off into unintelligible mutterings .
[US]B. Rodgers Queens’ Vernacular 175: run off (short for colloq run off at the mouth) to say too much, to be loquacious.

2. (US black) to be sustained by something, esp. a drug [SE run, to function].

[US]E. Folb Runnin’ Down Some Lines 252: run off of (something) 1. Get one’s energy from. 2. Sustain oneself through. 3. Maintain one’s high through .
run (off) at the mouth (v.) (also run (off) at the chin, ...head, ...jaw, ...jibs, …lip) [SE chin/jaw/jib n.1 (5)]

(orig. US) to talk to excess and to the irritation of one’s audience; to lose one’s temper or launch into a diatribe.

[US]DN III. 403: Runnin’ off at the mouth [...] loquacity; talking too much. Used of one excessively loquacious. ‘He’s got a bad case of runnin’ off at the mouth.’.
[US]R.W. Brown ‘Word-List From Western Indiana’ in DN III:viii 588: run off at the mouth, v. phr. To talk excessively.
[US]L. Sage Last Rustler 150: The old man began to run off at the head in an unusual way.
[US]R.F. Adams Cowboy Lingo 4: ‘Mouthy’ [...] referred to a man who could talk of nothing of interest or value, but ‘just run off at the mouth to hear his head rattle.’.
[US](con. 1905–25) E.H. Sutherland Professional Thief (1956) 136: There is no use running off at the chin that way. I wrote that article because I had to.
[US]W. Guthrie Bound for Glory (1969) 288: I was jist runnin’ off at th’ mouth.
[US]B. Schulberg On the Waterfront (1964) 192: What am I runnin’ off at the mouth for?
[US]W. Brown Teen-Age Mafia 8: Steve wished Whitey would quit running off at the lip. [Ibid.] 90: You start running off at the lip [...] and you’ll get what the old guy got.
[US] in S. Harris Hellhole 149: And the way it turned out, she ain’t just running at the mouth.
[US]N. Heard Howard Street 38: You ought to run along an’ turn a trick ’steada standin’ here runnin’ off at the mouth.
[US]E. Bunker No Beast So Fierce 196: Quit running at the jaws like you’re on speed. Get going.
[US]V.E. Smith Jones Men 41: You know how people run off at the mouth.
[Can]R. Caron Go-Boy! 207: The quickest way to get over an argument with him was to let him run off at the lip.
[US]E. Folb Runnin’ Down Some Lines 3: Sucker runnin’ off at the jibs. [Ibid.] 243: jibs, jaw at the/run off at the 1. Talk too much. 2. Engage in foolish or irrelevant talk.
[US]J. Ellroy Brown’s Requiem 57: Every fucking week Omar would be up there, running off at the mouth about the Utopia case.
[US]R.C. Cruz Straight Outta Compton 17: Flip played himself...He was talking rhetoric. Talking trash. Throwing hype. Shootin’ off his fat lip. Running off at the mouth.
[NZ]A. Duff Jake’s Long Shadow 63: Some of the guys were running off at the mouth. Piss talk it was called.
run off one’s mouth (v.)

(US) to be annoyed, to talk angrily.

[US]B. Schulberg Harder They Fall (1971) 112: He don’t like nobody to go in when he’s running off his mouth.
[US]J. Mills Panic in Needle Park (1971) 106: Will one of you noisy bastards stop running off your mouths out there and get me my damned spike?
[UK]C. Newland Scholar 291: Jus’ ’cause I don’t run off my mout’, don’t mean I can’t flex.
run on (adj.)

(US Und.) arrested.

[US]C. Cooper Jr Scene (1996) 253: Me and another cat got run on when we took off a bar.
run on dim lights (v.)

(US) to be unintelligent.

[US]M. Braly On the Yard (2002) 106: Paul’s running on dim lights.
run one’s final (v.)

(Aus.) to die.

[Aus]C.J. Dennis Digger Smith 108: Final, to run one’s — To die. [Ibid.] 110: Run ’is final — Died.
run one’s mouth (off) (v.) (also run one’s gab, … gums, …jaws) [one’s mouth runs like an engine] (orig. US/W.I.)

1. to gossip, to tell tales.

[US]Louis Armstrong [instrumental title] You Run Your Mouth, I’ll Run My Business.
[US]Mezzrow & Wolfe Really the Blues 88: The chicks really run their mouths some spieling their life histories in my face.
[US]Z.N. Hurston Seraph on the Suwanee (1995) 726: Jim was off somewhere. Could be down there in the grove running his mouth off with Alfredo.
[US]‘Ed Lacy’ Lead With Your Left (1958) 50: You can get into trouble by talking too damn much. Know who you’re talking to before you run your gums.
[US]‘Ed Lacy’ Room to Swing 113: Sorry, boy, I shouldn’t have run my mouth like that.
[US](con. WWII) J.O. Killens And Then We Heard The Thunder (1964) 95: You run your big fat ignorant mouth and me and Professor Solly gon run our business.
[US](con. 1930s) R. Wright Lawd Today 28: Running your old fat mouth like always, huh?
[US](con. 1950s) D. Goines Whoreson 97: She dressed slowly and ran her mouth constantly.
[US]A. Brooke Last Toke 53: ’Bout time you be listenin’ ’stead o’ keep runnin’ you mouth.
[US]R. Campbell In La-La Land We Trust (1999) 55: It could be he called her Bouche because her mouth was pretty, because she ran it all the time, or because it was her sexual speciality.
[US]S. Morgan Homeboy 378: It was Savage [...] who run his mouf how the plaguers oughta be taken out to the range n shot.
[US]Eminem ‘Marshall Mathers’ [lyrics] Now everybody wanna run they mouth / and try to take shots at me.
[US](con. 1975–6) E. Little Steel Toes 87: Back in IYC you ran your jaws [...] about the big-time crooks that you was runnin’ with.
[US]Pelecanos (con. 1972) What It Was 14: This ain’t about no eighty. It’s about you runnin your gums.

2. to give advice.

[US]Louis Jordan ‘You Run Your Mouth and I’ll Run My Business’ [lyrics] You always tellin’ me what to do, / Sayin’, ‘I wouldn’t do that if I was you!’ / You run your mouth and I’ll run my business, brother.
[US]H.S. Thompson letter 23 Aug. in Proud Highway (1997) 393: My impression is that one American working with his hands in Latin America is worth ten running their mouths.
[US]O. Hawkins Ghetto Sketches 17: The one that’s always runnin’ his damned mouth is walkin’ off.
[US]E. Bunker Mr Blue 148: ‘Don’t run your mouth,’ he said. ‘Just listen for a minute.’.

3. to talk without restraint.

[US]J.D. Corrothers Black Cat Club 128: Let de man talk, can’t you? You allus runnin’ yo’ gab!
[US]R.M. Lindner Stone Walls and Men 356: If you talked in your sleep it meant court and you were therefore charged with ‘running your mouth’ in the dormitory.
[US]E. Gilbert Vice Trap 40: Shirley ran her mouth too much. She talked a streak.
S. Hopkinson Onliest Fisherman 5: How your mouth run so, like diarrhoea?
[US]M. Baker Nam (1982) 145: This guy is running his mouth. You can’t keep him from talking. You’d have to gag him to make him shut up.
[US]S. King Dolores Claiborne 65: She ran her mouth until she got all tuckered out.
[SA]Sun. Indep. (S. Afr.) Culture 27 Jan. 11: He’s hot-wired with the joy of running his mouth.
[UK]A. Wheatle Dirty South 123: Noel decided to run his gums on the Akeisha situation.

4. (also run up one’s mouth) to brag, to boast, to fantasize.

[UK](con. 1979–80) A. Wheatle Brixton Rock (2004) 102: He reckons he’s having a party next week, but I feel so he’s running up his mout’.
[UK]Taskforce ‘Remus Returns’ [lyrics] You’re only starting out / So do not run your mouth.
[US]C. Goffard Snitch Jacket 145: A bona fide killer or just another schmuck running his jaws.

5. (also run up one’s mouth) to stop talking, to be quiet.

[WI]M. Montague Dread Culture 45: ‘Lawd Doris, mind yuh kill di bwoy,’ teased her husband. ‘Cho! Gwaan run up yuh mout, man.’.
[US]UGK ‘Life Is 2009’ [lyrics] You need to take my advice and stop snitchin fool / Or you can close yo’ ears, and run yo’ mouth.
run over (v.)

1. to treat contemptuously, to victimize; to defeat.

[US] W.T. Porter Quarter Race in Kentucky 23: I would not advise any man to try to run over me .
[US]A.H. Lewis Boss 59: Not to put a feather-edge on it, I thought I’d run you over, an’ see if they’d been fixin’ you.
[US]D. Jenkins Semi-Tough 3: I happen to be writing it in my spare time between running over a whole pile of niggers in the National Football League.
[US]S. King Christine 193: The football team had been run over twice more.

2. see sense 2 above.

run sly (v.)

to escape or evade.

[Ire] ‘De Kilmainham Minit’ in Luke Caffrey’s Gost 6: But yet, if de Slang you run sly, / De Trotler may yet be outwitted, / And I scout again on de Lay.
[Ire]Kilmainham Minit in Walsh Ireland Sixty Years Ago (1885) 88: But if dat de slang you run sly, / De scrag-boy may yet be outwitted, / And I scout again on de lay.
run someone ragged (v.) (also run someone’s ass ragged)(orig. US)

1. to exhaust or wear out someone or something.

[US]Omaha Dly Bee (NE) 19 Aug. 12/1: ‘More drills’ is the call from the company captain [...] the instructors and chief officers have been run ragged.
[US]H.S. Truman letter 3 Oct. in Ferrell Dear Bess (1983) 228: From then on until twelve-thirty salesmen nearly ran me ragged.
[US]M. West Drag (1997) Act II: I don’t know about husbands. I only have one and one is enough. He just runs me ragged.
[US]L. Berg Prison Nurse (1964) 114: I run myself ragged getting all dolled up in a clean shirt and a shave. But does she come? In a pig’s eye, she does!
[US]A. Hynd We Are the Public Enemies 108: John Dillinger [...] was running Hoover’s men ragged in Indiana.
[US]C. Cooper Jr Scene (1996) 205: You got my permission to run your ass ragged.
[US]‘Iceberg Slim’ Mama Black Widow 181: I run myself ragged to save you from the cops.
[US]J. Sayles Union Dues (1978) 110: They run me ragged, those guys.
[UK]Observer Screen 30 Apr. 18: After running his other grandparents [...] ragged.

2. (also run someone raggity) to beat.

[US]C. Panzram Journal of Murder in Gaddis & Long (2002) 42: [He] told me to go out in the railroad yards and, if I saw anyone there who had no business to be there to knock their blocks off and run’ em ragged.
[US](con. 1860s) R. Bradford Kingdom Coming 263: De sergeant run you raggity do he ketch you wid a fire.
[US]J. Conroy World to Win 64: We’ll run that jocker’s ass ragged till it hangs so low it’ll drag out his tracks!
[US](con. 1967) Bunch & Cole Reckoning for Kings (1989) 20: They can be cut up. Run their butts ragged in the ring. Outbox their asses.
[Ire]J. O’Connor Secret World of the Irish Male (1995) 239: The Dutch start to take over the game, and soon they are running us ragged.

3. to subject to censure and punishment.

[US]Eve. World (NY) 28 Sept. 32/2: he has been run ragged by said young writers.
[US]W. Scott ‘Take ’Im Alive’ Und. Mag. May [Internet] Headquarters would run me ragged if I messed in that case to chisel in on th’ reward.
run the cutter (v.) [Scot. cutter, a small whisky bottle, but note phr. run the cutter, to smuggle liquor ashore, avoiding the customs’ cutter]

(Aus./N.Z.) to buy beer in bulk, to be brought home and drunk there.

[[UK]H. Nisbet Bushranger’s Sweetheart 22: Sailors, as a rule, are not friends of bailiffs or Custom House officers, and thus appreciate ‘running the cutter’].
[Aus]Bulletin (Sydney) 24 Nov. 11/3: Dirty and disreputable mobs are to be seen at nearly every pub and street corner any hour of the day and night cadging ‘trays’ or ‘tanners’ from the passers-by until they get enough to ‘run the cutter,’ generally a black billy-can.
[Aus]Cairns Post (Qld) 31 Mar. 1/4: Sir—In to-day’s quiz you state that ‘to run the rabbit’ means in Australian language, to fetch beer from a hotel. Well, you may be right, but in the bush we call it ‘running the cutter’.
[US]J.A.W. Bennett ‘Eng. as it is Spoken in N.Z.’ in AS XVIII:2 Apr. 89: Running the cutter (i.e. obtaining liquor for people who cannot get it themselves) is used without any appreciation of its original meaning of smuggling.
run the gears (v.)

(US prison) to eviscerate.

[UK]Guardian Weekend 6 Nov. 42: Things like ‘running the gears’, plunging a knife into another’s abdomen, then slicing up and across so the victim was eviscerated and his guts spilled into his hands.
run through (v.) [one ‘runs through’ their pockets]

to rob someone, to defraud; thus (Aus.) run-through boy, a street robber, a mugger.

[UK]C. Rook Hooligan Nights 111: Well, I finks I must run froo ’im if I see my way.
[UK]G.D.H. & M. Cole Brooklyn Murders (1933) 46: He had run through one big fortune, his wife’s — including all the money left in trust for Miss Cowper.
[Aus]P. Temple Dead Point (2008) [ebook] Just run-through boys [...] Too clever for banks, too lazy for drugs.
run to (v.)

1. to understand; as phr., run to tick, to be acceptable.

[UK]Hotten Dict. of Modern Sl. etc.
[UK]Derby Day 40: ‘That game won’t answer here,’ said Tony; ‘it doesn’t run to tick at the “Horse and Jockey”.’.

2. to be able to afford, usu. in negative [SE in 20C+].

[UK] ‘’Arry on His Critics and Champions’ in Punch 14 Apr. 180/1: Tin does it, my pippin, not taste. I can’t run to the Gaiety Stalls / Cig’rettes, petty soopers, and so on, but then I’ve got the fun of the ’Alls.
[UK] ‘’Arry on [...] the Glorious Twelfth’ in Punch 30 Aug. 97/2: No Moors for yours truly, wus luck! It won’t run to it, Charlie, this round.
[US]P. White West End 40: I always had an idea that the Guv’nor had some money, but I didn’t imagine it would run to this [F&H].
run up in (v.)

(US black) of a man, to have sexual intercourse.

[US]Simon & Burns ‘The Pager’ Wire ser. 1 ep. 5 [TV script] I wouldn’t run up in that bitch with DeAngelo’s dick .
run up on (v.)

1. (US) to meet (a person).

[US](con. 1948) G. Mandel Flee the Angry Strangers 83: I’ll be about the Village for a spell, so we’ll be running up on each other, hear?
[US]B. Jackson Killing Time 177: I wasn’t out very long until I run up on one of my girl friends.
[US]S. Morgan Homeboy 7: No way Rings wanted to run up on the Pimp Blimp.

2. (US) in fig. use, to encounter (an idea, a situation).

[US]Milner & Milner Black Players 128: Right on, I run up on that [Black on Black hostility] all the time.

3. (US black) to challenge, to attack physically.

[US]L. Bing Do or Die (1992) 33: I don’t feel like gettin’ run upon [...] I make money for myself. Why should I let someone else run up on me for it.
[US]50 Cent ‘Wanksta’ [lyrics] What make you think I wont / Run up on you with the nine.
run with (v.)

(orig. US black) to associate with, to be friends with.

[US]A. Greene Glance at N.Y. II ii: I go fur Bill Sykesy ’cos he runs wid our merchaine – but he mustn’t come foolin’ round my gal, or I’ll give him fits!
[US]Durivage & Burnham Stray Subjects (1848) 107: I seen her on the sidewalk, / When I run with number nine.
[US]L.H. Bagg Four Years at Yale 47: To run with signifies to keep the company of, to become identified with.
[US]A.C. Gunter M.S. Bradford Special 6: At one time you were society man — ran with the ‘bloods.’.
[US]J. Flynt World of Graft 168: He had told me with considerable detail how expensive it is ‘to run with guns.’.
[US]J. London Valley of the Moon (1914) 54: She’d been runnin’ with Butch Willows pretty steady.
[US]Z.N. Hurston Sweat (1995) 957: That ole snaggle-toothed black woman you runnin’ with ain’t comin’ heah.
[US]‘Goat’ Laven Rough Stuff 157: I don’t like that Irishman you’re running with.
[US]Mezzrow & Wolfe Really the Blues 22: I could run with the hip cats who hung around the poolroom.
[US]H. Ellison Web of the City (1983) 25: Listen, how long you figure I gotta run with this crowd?
[US]C. Brown Manchild in the Promised Land (1969) 112: I’d be running with Danny and Butch and Kid again.
[US]E. Bunker No Beast So Fierce 154: George Rimmer might have been a loner, or run with an Okie clique.
[US]E. Folb Runnin’ Down Some Lines 51: She been runnin’ wid dese kids from the Hill.
[UK]M. Newall ‘Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knyght’ in Indep. Weekend Rev. 26 Dec. 1: Well apointede, as it happened. Usede to runne wyth Arthur.
[UK](con. 1980s) N. ‘Razor’ Smith A Few Kind Words and a Loaded Gun 283: Most of the people he knew I ran with on the out were big puff-heads.