Green’s Dictionary of Slang

hempen adj.

[SE hempen, made of hemp, i.e. like the hangman’s noose]

in combs. below, pertaining to judicial execution by hanging.

In compounds

hempen apoplexy (n.)

death by hanging.

hempen ballast (n.)

[mid-19C] (UK Und.) money paid to thief takers and others involved in the conviction of felons.

hempen casement (n.) [lit. ‘hempen window’]

[late 18C–mid-19C] (UK Und.) the hangman’s noose.

hempen caudle (n.) [pun on SE caudle, a gruel spiced with wine or ale and given to the sick, and especially to women in labour; thus the noose is ironically also a form of ‘painkiller’]

[17C] the hangman’s noose.

hempen collar (n.)

[late 16C–1940s] a hangman’s noose.

hempen consummation (n.)

[early 19C] death by judicial hanging.

hempen cravat (n.) (also hempen choker, …circle, ...garment, ...halter, ...hood, ...hornpipe, ...knot, …neckcloth, ...necklace, ...necktie, ...noose, ...ring, ...snare, ...squincy, ...string, ...tackle, …tie, ...twine, ...wings, hemp cravat, …halter, …necktie, …tie) [SE squinsy, a form of tonsillitis]

[early 16C–1940s] the hangman’s noose; also one who is to be hanged, gallows bait; cite 1793 refers to a rope, but not for hanging.

hempen fever (n.) (also hemp fever)

[18C–early 19C] a judicial hanging.

hempen fortune (n.) (also hempen furniture)

[late 18C–mid-19C] (UK Und.) money paid to thief takers and others involved in the conviction of felons.

hempen habeas (n.) [pun on habeas corpus, lit. ‘thou shalt have the body’; a writ whereby an accused and imprisoned person must be brought before the court and the reason for his imprisonment justified]

[early 19C] a hangman’s noose.

hempen substitute (n.)

[mid-19C] a hangman’s noose.

hempen tippet (n.) [tippet n.2 ]

[late 16C–early 17C] a hangman’s noose .

hempen widow (n.)

[late 17C–1940s] a woman whose husband is hanged.

In phrases

frisk in a hempen cravat (v.)

[19C] to be hanged.

look through a hempen window (v.)

[17C] to be hanged.